AG真人国际厅

数字化是现代农业AG真人国际厅的主攻方向
——阿里“盒马村”的实践与启示

导语:

 6月30日,阿里巴巴宣布,今年将在全国AG真人国际厅五大产地仓,并在多个省会城市打造20余个销地仓,“产地仓+销地仓”模式,组成一张数字化的农产品流通网络,一年可支撑100万吨生鲜农产品新鲜送往全国餐桌。

 7月8日,山东省淄博市召开发布会,淄博市委书记江敦涛宣布与阿里巴巴合作战略升级: 双方将共建数字农业农村示范城市(盒马市)。这是阿里在数字农业领域的又一大动作——将在山东淄博筹建数字农业产业中心。另外,阿里在全国布局的五大数字农业集运加工中心(以下简称“产地仓”)之一,也将落户淄博,这是中国北方大型数字化产地仓。

7月14日,全国首个“水上盒马村”日前在重庆石柱成立,阿里巴巴数字农业与重庆石柱县人民政府合作,在石柱冷水镇、黄水镇的莼菜示范基地将用数字化工具打通产供销,让更多莼菜“活下来”,而且活得有价值。

一个个盒马村的AG真人国际厅,都说明数字化将是现代化农业AG真人国际厅的主攻方向。

AG真人国际厅xinshidaishishuzideshidai。jinnianlai,agzhenrenguojitingguonongyeyushuzixinjishujiakuaironghe,nongyeshuzihuayufachengxianchubukezudangdepengbofazhantaishi。tebieshizaizheiciyiqingyingduizhong,yialishuzinongyeweidaibiaodexinchanye、xinyetai、xinmoshiyijuntuqi,duiweihunongchanpingongyinglianchangtong、cujingongjiyuxuqiuliangxingliandonghewendingguominjingjiquanjuzhongnongyede“yacangshi”diweifahuilezhongyaozuoyong。shuzinongyefazhandeshijiantansuoqishiagzhenrenguojiting,nongyeshuzihuabujinjiagzhenrenguojitingguonongyejishudailaigemingshidejinbu,haidailaijingyingliniandegexinhexiaofeiguanniandeshenkebianhua,jidadicudongagzhenrenguojitingguonongyeshengchanliuchengzaizao、chanyeshengtaizaizaoheshichanggejuzaizao。

AG真人国际厅shuzihuacujinnongyejingyingzuzhihua,shixianguimojingying。“renjunbuguoyimusanfendi,hujunbuguoshimutian”,zheishiagzhenrenguojitingguoxiandainongyeagzhenrenguojitingraobukaidebijiezhiti。nongyexiaoguimojingying,zhijieyingxiangxinjishutuiguangyunyongheshengchanjingyingjuece,jianjiezaochenglirunhejingjixiaoyidixia,bingqiedaozhinongcunqingzhuangnianlaodonglidengyouzhiziyuanyaosuwailiu。

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AG真人国际厅miandui“nongyeshengchanxiaoyidi、shichangduijienan、weilaisheilaizhongdi”desandananti,ruhetupo?aliyituoshuzinongyejishudazao“hemacun”xiangmu,qidianxingtezhengshiliyongdashujujishuwuzhuangxiaononghu,datongshengchanjuece、tianjianguanli、jiagongfenxuan、jingzhunyingxiaodengquanchanyeliantiao,bangzhuxiaononghuzhaodaodashichang。zaishengchanzuzhiduan,liyongdashujudongxishichangxuqiu,bangzhunonghukexueshengchanjuece,bafensan、gulideshengchandanyuanshengjiweiguimohua、biaozhunhuadeshuzinongyejidi。zaichanxiaoduijieduan,tuidongnongchanpinjiagong、fenxuan、yingxiaoquanlianlushuzihua,fuyuyouzhipinpai,shixianjingzhunduijie。congyunxingxiaoguokan,“hemacun”bumanzuyunongchanpindianshangdanliantiaodezuodazuoqiang,ershizheliyijiejueshengchanduijie、jingyingduijie、jiagongduijie、liutongduijieheshichangduijiedenggenbenxingwentifali,yunyongshuzijishuhelinian,xingchengquanchanyeliandejichengyudaidong。zheizhongmoshi,bafensandexiaononghubianlihuahegaoxiaohuadizuzhiqilai,bakanbujiandeshichangxinxitouminghuahegongkaihua,baxiaononghuyudashichangdebeidongboyibiandezhudonghuahegongpinghua,dapoxiaononghuyuxiandainongyezhijiandebileihefanli,shixianyuxiandainongyeyoujironghe。

shuzihuacujinnongyeshengchanzhinenghua,shixianjingzhunguanli。renduo、dishao、shuique,shiagzhenrenguojitingguojibenguoqinghenongqing。nongyeziyuanhuanjingdexiquexing,jiujuedinglexiandainongyefazhanbunengzaiyixishengziyuanhehuanjingweidaijia,bixuzoujieyuejiyue、jiebengaoxiaodeneihanshifazhandaolu,chixutuijinnongyetourupinjingzhungaoxiaoliyong,tongchoutuijinjieshui、jiefei、jieyao、jiedi、jieneng,cujinnongyejiebenzengxiao、jieyuezengshou。

congali“hemacun”deshijiankan,shuzijishuzainongyeshengchanlingyudayouqianli。yifangmian,alizhengzaibujuquanchanyeliandenongyeshuzihuayingyong,congyinongchanpindianshangweidaibiaodexiaoshoulingyuxiangnongyechanqian、chanzhong、chanhoudequanchanyelianshengjiyanshen,bingxiangnongyexiangguanchanyekuajieronghejituozhan。lingyifangmian,alichongfendiaodongshuzijishuziyuan,congchuantongdehulianwangjishuyunyong,jiakuaizhuanxiangdashuju、wulianwang、rengongzhineng、qukuailian、yunjisuandengduozhongshuzijishudechanyeqianru。shuzixinjishuyinrunongyeshengchanhuanjie,tongguodianzinongqingjiance、chuanganheshujufenxidengzhinengshouduan,fuzhujinxingkexuejuece,yijinongyetourupinjingzhuntoufang、shengchanguochengjingzhunkongzhi、nongchanpinquanchengkezhuisuhequanhuanjiejingyihuaguanli,shixianbiaozhunhuashengchan、jiyuehuajingyingheziyuangaoxiaoliyong,cujinnongyequanyaosushengchanlvtisheng。

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shuzihuacujinnongyechanyeshengtaihua,shixianronghefazhan。nongyeshiguominjingjidejichuxinghezhanlvexingchanye,yeshikaifangchengdujiaogaodechanyezhiyi。nongyedekaifangxing,bujinbiaoxianzainongyeziyuantongchouyushichangdequanqiuxing,haibiaoxianzainongyeyuer、sanchanyejixinxingchanyedexianjiexing,nongyezishenfahuichanyezaitidezhongyaozuoyong。shuzixinjishudechuxianheguangfanyingyong,jidadituozhanlenongyedechanyeliantiaohefazhankongjian,zhongsunongyedejichudiweihezuoyong,bujincujinnongyeneibudeyiersanchanyeronghe,yijinongyeyuwaibuxiangguanchanyejiexu,bingyiciweijichu,xingchengleyixiliexinchanye、xinyetai、xinmoshi,goujianleyigeyinongyeweizaiti、yishuzixinjishuweiyituodequanxinchanyeshengtaitixi。

AG真人国际厅ali“hemacun”agzhenrenguojitingheyunyongguochengzhong,chanshengdaliangyouyongdenongyeshujuxinxi,zheishibaoguidejingjiziyuan。zheixieshujuxinxi,bujinbaokuonongyeshengchanzhuti、nongyeziyuanquhua、nongyechanyefenbu、nongchanpinpinzhongziyuan、nongcunjitichanquandenghailiangshuju,haichanshengdaliangshunxiwanbiandedongtaishichangxinxi。zheixieshuzihuadechanpin,bujinagzhenrenguojitingnongyeshengchanjingying,haifuhuaheyanshengqitachanye。nongyeshujuyugongyexiangjiehe,chanshenggengjiaguangfanheqiangdadegongyewulianwangxitong,kuodagongyewulianwangfugai;nongyeshujuyuagzhenrenguojitingyexiangjiehe,cujinxiangcunlvyou、xiuxianyanglao、nongcunwenhuadengchanyejingxihuafazhan;nongyeshujuyujinrongxiangjiehe,yunyunongyebaoxian、nongcunjinrong、nongchanpinqihuodengxiandainongcunjinrongagzhenrenguojitingye。shuzinongyefazhan,bujinyanzhanlenongyezishendefazhanbuju,gengweizhongyaodeshiweiqitageyetigongleguangkuofazhanlanhai。

(作者系农民日报社三农发展研究中心主任,中国乡村振兴(青年)40人论坛秘书长)


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